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Same-sex marriage in Delaware

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Same-sex marriage became legal in Delaware on July 1, 2013.[1] House Bill 75, titled An act to amend Title 13 of the Delaware code relating to domestic relations to provide for same-gender civil marriage and to convert existing civil unions to civil marriages,[2] was signed into law by Governor Jack Markell hours after its passage in the Delaware House of Representatives and Delaware Senate; the law is scheduled to take effect on July 1.[3] Delaware is the eleventh state, and twelfth US jurisdiction, to legalize same-sex marriage.

Delaware previously extended recognition to same-sex relationships in the form of civil unions, which grant same-sex couples the "rights, benefits, protections, and responsibilities" of married persons.[4] Civil unions have been available in Delaware since January 1, 2012, following the enactment of legislation signed by Governor Markell on May 11, 2011.[5]

Civil unions Edit

In March 2011, state Sens. David P. Sokola and Melanie George introduced a bill to allow civil unions in Delaware.[6] It passed the Senate Administrative Services Committee on March 31,[7] the full Senate 13-6 on April 7, 2011,[8] and the House 26-15 on April 14.[9] Markell signed the bill into law on May 11, 2011, and it took effect on January 1, 2012.[5] At the signing, he said:[10]

Tonight, with the signing of this law, we say to any Delawarean, regardless of sexual orientation, if you have committed yourself to somebody, and you've made that pledge to spend your life together in partnership, your love is equally valid and deserving, your family is now equal under the law.

In 2012, Delaware issued approximately 565 civil union licenses, with 250 of those being in Sussex County, 235 in New Castle County, and 80 in Kent County.[11]

As of July 1, 2013, civil unions will no longer be offered to any couple and existing civil unions will be converted into marriages by July 1, 2014.[12]

Same-sex marriage legislation Edit

In March 2012, Governor Markell said he thought that the legalization of same-sex marriage in Delaware was "inevitable" and would be passed "probably within the next few years".[13] In September 2012, Rep. Peter Schwartzkopf, who became House Speaker in January 2013, said he expected the Delaware General Assembly to vote on same-sex marriage in 2013 and that he would support it, but was uncertain of the legislation's prospects.[14] On February 1, 2013, in anticipation of legislative activity, William Francis Malooly, the Roman Catholic Bishop of Wilmington, authored a letter to parishioners that said marriage is a covenant between a man and a woman that must be "cherished and defended".[15]

In April 2013, a bill was introduced to legalize same-sex marriage while eliminating civil unions and converting them to marriages by July 2014 if not dissolved earlier. W. Francis Malooly, Roman Catholic Bishop of Wilmington, wrote a letter to legislators on April 15 that said that marriage is not "just about love and commitment between two people" as many think but "it is also about the unique expression of love that only and man and woman as husband and wife can give to each other", that marriage is not a "label" but a "communion" that "is impossible without the sexual difference".[16] The Delaware House Administration Committee advanced the bill to the full House on April 18.[17] Governor Markell said he would sign it if it passed.[18] It passed the House on April 23 on a 23–18 vote.[19] The Senate Executive Committee approved the legislation on May 1. It passed the Senate on May 7 on a 12-9 vote.[20] Markell signed the bill outside the legislature within an hour of the vote.[1] The effective date of the legislation is July 1, 2013.

State Senator Karen E. Peterson came out as lesbian during the debate on May 7, becoming the state's first-ever openly LGBT legislator.[21]

The legislation also gave Delaware courts authority over divorce proceedings in the case of a same-sex couple married in Delaware who reside in a state that will not grant them a divorce because it does not recognize their marriage.[22]

Public opinion Edit

In February 2011, a Public Policy Polling survey found that 48% of Delaware voters supported the legalization of same-sex marriage, while 47% were opposed and 5% percent were not sure.[23] A March 6, 2011, poll by Lake Research Partners showed that 62% in Delaware favor allowing same-sex couples to form civil unions, while 31% were opposed, and 7% were not sure.[24]

A February 2013 poll, conducted by Global Strategy Group, found that 54% of likely voters supported same-sex marriage, 37% were opposed, and 8% didn’t know or declined to answer the question.[25][26]

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Chase, Randall. "Delaware to Become 11th State With Gay Marriage", 7 May 2013. Retrieved on 7 May 2013. 
  2. 147th General Assembly, House Bill #75. State of Delaware Official Website.
  3. Byrne, Tom. "Delaware becomes 11th state to approve same-sex marriage", May 7, 2013. Retrieved on May 7, 2013. 
  4. Senate Bill 30, "An Act to Amend Title 13 of the Delaware Code Relating to Civil Unions, General Assembly of Delaware, accessed 4 December 2011.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Miller, Beth. "Governor signs Delaware civil unions bill", May 12, 2011. Retrieved on December 29, 2012. 
  6. Miller, Beth (March 23, 2011). Delaware government: Civil unions bill filed in Dover. News Journal. Retrieved on April 13, 2011.
  7. Beth Miller (31 March 2011). Delaware civil unions bill clears committee. The News Journal.
  8. Chibbaro Jr., Lou (April 7, 2011). Delaware Senate passes civil unions bill. Washington Blade.
  9. Miller, Beth (April 14, 2011). Delaware adopts civil unions bill. The News Journal.
  10. Mucha, Peter. "Same-sex unions legalized in Delaware", May 12, 2013. Retrieved on January 23, 2013. 
  11. http://delaware.newszap.com/centraldelaware/118809-70/number-of-civil-unions-exceeded-expectations
  12. Ramseyer, Laurel (May 7, 2013). Delaware Becomes Eleventh State to Legalize Marriage Equality [Updated]. Pam's House Blend. Retrieved on May 7, 2013.
  13. "Delaware governor says gay marriage is "inevitable" in his state", March 2, 2012. Retrieved on 16 December 2012. 
  14. Starkey, Jonathan. "Schwartzkopf: gay marriage a "no-brainer"", September 26, 2012. Retrieved on December 16, 2012. 
  15. "Head of Catholic diocese in Delaware takes aim at gay marriage in pastoral letter", February 1, 2013. Retrieved on February 4, 2013. 
  16. "Marriage is not for government to 'define or redefine,' says bishop", April 17, 2013. Retrieved on May 7, 2013. 
  17. "Bill authorizing same-sex marriage in Delaware clears committee, headed to House floor", April 17, 2013. Retrieved on April 23, 2013. 
  18. "Gov. Markell tells activists he would sign marriage equality bill", April 9, 2013. Retrieved on April 23, 2012. 
  19. Dawson, James. "Same-sex marriage bill clears state House", April 23, 2013. Retrieved on April 23, 2013. 
  20. Ford, Zack. "BREAKING: Delaware To Become 11th State With Marriage Equality", May 7, 2013. Retrieved on May 7, 2013. 
  21. "Karen Peterson, Delaware State Senator, Comes Out During Gay Marriage Debate". Huffington Post, May 7, 2013.
  22. § 1504. Jurisdiction; residence;procedure, accessed May 12, 2013
  23. Plurality of Delaware Supports Marriage Equality. Delaware Liberal (February 9, 2011). Retrieved on April 13, 2011.
  24. Delaware same-sex partnership support. Delaware same-sex partnership.
  25. New Poll: 54% of Delaware Voters Support Marriage Equality
  26. Poll: At least half of Delaware's voters would support same-sex marriage


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