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Rights in the Americas

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World homosexuality laws

World laws on homosexuality

File:Samesex marriage in USA.svg
File:Gay Adoption Map North America.svg
CountryLaws against homosexualityPenaltySame-sex UnionsLaws against discriminationAdoptionComments

North AmericaEdit

Template:Country data Anguilla Anguilla No - No No - - Anguilla is a British Dependant Territory. Homosexuality between two consenting adults in private was expressly legalised under the Caribbean Territories (Criminal Law) Order, 2000.
Template:Country data Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda Yes 15 years - No No - British laws are not applied to Antigua & Barbuda, and therefore the Sexual Offenses Act 1995 criminalizing homosexual acts, is enforceable.[1]
Template:Country data Aruba Aruba No - Can not be performed, but is recognized Yes Yes Yes Yes The Dutch Government states that as part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, Aruba is obliged to recognize civil unions and same-sex marriage as valid. However, Aruba cannot perform SSM's, but has to be recognised by order of the Supreme Court in 2007 LGBT rights in Aruba
Template:Country data Bahamas Bahamas No, same-gender sex "in Public" is a 20 year jail sentence and the age of consent "in private" for homosexual sex is 18, 16 for heterosexual sex [2] - - No No - See LGBT rights in the Bahamas.
Template:Country data Barbados Barbados Yes Life - No No - Laws currently under review - technically still illegal, but not enforced [3].
Template:Country data Belize Belize Yes* 10 years - No No - *Homosexuality re-criminalized from 2003. See [4] and also under section 26 ii (d) of the immigration act 1958, "Any prostitute or homosexual or any person who may be living on or receiving or may have been living on or receiving the proceeds of prostitution or homosexual behavior." is outlawed from incoming to Belize. See [5].
Template:Country data Bermuda Bermuda No, age of consent 18 just for male-male sex, 16 for others from 1994 [6] - Under review. - Considered Considered* -*AD in consideration [7].
Template:Country data British Virgin Islands British Virgin Islands No - No No Yes Yes; discrimination on grounds of sexuality is prohibited under the 2007 Constitution-British Virgin Islands is a British Dependant Territory. Homosexuality between two consenting adults in private was expressly legalised under the Caribbean Territories (Criminal Law) Order, 2000.
Template:Country data Canada Canada No, age of consent (The "age of protection" as it is called in Canada) 18 for anal sex under section 159, 16 for all non-anal sex, regardless of sexuality of the participants, from 1988 [8] - Yes Same-sex marriage Yes Yes Yes In 8 Provinces and 1 territory [9][10] Anti-discriminatory laws provided by constitution and Egan v. Canada; in all provincial/territorial civil rights codes since Vriend v. Alberta. Common-law marriage since M. v. H., 1999; SSM since Civil Marriage Act, 2005. See LGBT rights in Canada.
Template:Country data Cayman Islands Cayman Islands No - No No Yes Yes - Cayman Islands is a British Dependent Territory. Homosexuality between two consenting adults in private was expressly legalised under the Caribbean Territories (Criminal Law) Order, 2000.
Template:Country data Costa Rica Costa Rica No - Considered Yes Yes* - *Anti-discrimination law since 1998. See [1]; Same-sex marriages and scandalous sodomy is banned. See LGBT rights in Costa Rica
Template:Country data Cuba Cuba No - - No No - See LGBT rights in Cuba.
Template:Country data Dominica Dominica Yes 10 years - No No - From 1995 to 2000, 35 persons were arrested for the crime of buggery [11].
Template:Country data Dominican Republic Dominican Republic No - - No No - -
Template:Country data El Salvador El Salvador No - No No No No No No It is highly discriminated by society being homosexual making uncomfortable for people to come out
Template:Country data Greenland Greenland No - Yes Yes Yes Yes - See Civil Union.
Template:Country data Grenada Grenada Male only 10 years - No No - -
Template:Country data Guadeloupe Guadeloupe No - Yes Pacte civil de solidarité Yes Yes - Guadeloupe is a '

'Département Français d'Outre-mer, so French Law is in force. See LGBT rights in France.

Template:Country data Guatemala Guatemala No - - Yes Yes - AD in Youth and Childhood Act since 1997.
Template:Country data Haiti Haiti No - - No No - See LGBT rights in Haiti.
Template:Country data Honduras Honduras No - - No No - Same-sex marriages and adoption banned in the Constitution since 2005. See LGBT rights in Honduras.
Template:Country data Jamaica Jamaica Male only 10 years hard labor - No No - Jamaica has been quoted as the worst place in all of the Americas for LGBT people. See LGBT rights in Jamaica.
Template:Country data Martinique Martinique No - Yes Pacte civil de solidarité. Yes Yes - Martinique is a Département Français d'Outre-mer, so French Law is in force. See LGBT rights in France.
Template:Country data Mexico Mexico No - Yes Civil unions (Mexico City and Coahuila) Yes Yes* - *Mexican Congress reformed the Constitution in 2001, to forbid discrimination of any kind; in 2003, this change produced the Federal Law to Prevent Discrimination that forbids discrimination by sexual orientation. Civil unions (Mexico City and Coahuila). See LGBT rights in Mexico.
Template:Country data Montserrat Montserrat No - No No - - Montserrat is a British Dependant Territory. Homosexuality between two consenting adults in private was expressly legalised under the Caribbean Territories (Criminal Law) Order, 2000.
Template:Country data Netherlands Antilles Netherlands Antilles No - Can not be performed, only recognised Yes Yes Yes Yes As part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, civil unions and same-sex marriage are fully recognized as valid, however, they cannot be performed in the Netherlands Antilles themselves. See LGBT rights in the Netherlands.
Template:Country data Nicaragua Nicaragua No - - Yes Yes (since 2008) - Homosexuality has been re-legalized - With Article 204 abolished under a new Criminal Code since 1 March, 2008. See LGBT rights in Nicaragua.
Template:Country data Panama Panama ? ? - No No - Unknown if homosexuality is legal or illegal. See LGBT rights in Panama.
Template:Country data Puerto Rico Puerto Rico No - - Considered* - *Civil unions considered and debated. Puerto Rico is a devoutly Christian island, and homosexuality is not practiced openly. See LGBT rights in Puerto Rico.
Template:Country data Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Kitts and Nevis Male only 10 years - No No - -
Template:Country data Saint Lucia Saint Lucia Male only Fine-10 years - No No - -
Template:Country data Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Yes Fine-10 years - No No - -
Template:Country data Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago Yes* 25 years No No No No No No *Applies to both men and women. Also under Article 8 (18/1) of the Immigration Act, homosexual men and women are not allowed to enter the country. [12] and LGBT rights in Trinidad and Tobago.
Template:Country data Turks and Caicos Islands Turks and Caicos Islands No - No No - - Turks and Caicos Islands is a British Dependant Territory. Homosexuality between two consenting adults in private was expressly legalised under the Caribbean Territories (Criminal Law) Order, 2000.
Template:Country data United States United States No - Yes Civil Unions: Vermont, Connecticut, New Jersey, and New Hampshire. Domestic partnerships: California, Maine, Oregon, Washington, District of Columbia, and Hawaii. Same-sex marriage: Only in Massachusetts and California. Yes In 20 states* Yes 10 states *13 states cover sexual orientation and gender identity, 7 only cover sexual orientation and 30 do not cover either Human Rights Campaign LGBT rights in the United States.

South AmericaEdit

CountryLaws against homosexualityPenaltySame-sex UnionsLaws against discriminationAdoptionComments
Template:Country data Argentina Argentina No - Yes Civil unions in Buenos Aires City and Rio Negro Province. Yes Yes No No There are no national anti-discriminatory laws, however, the cities of Buenos Aires and Rosario have specific laws protecting against gay discrimination since 1996. Debating Same sex marriage. See LGBT rights in Argentina.
Template:Country data Bolivia Bolivia No - - Yes Yes No No There are no national anti-discriminatory laws, however, the citie of La Paz have specific laws protecting against gay discrimination since 2004
Template:Country data Brazil Brazil No - Yes Civil unions in Rio Grande do Sul. Yes Yes* No No *Constitutional protection for sexual orientation in some states of Brazil. See LGBT rights in Brazil.
Template:Country data Chile Chile No, age of consent 18 for same-sex sexual activity, 14 for opposite-sex sexual activity. - Considered Considered* No No *AD in consideration. See LGBT rights in Chile.
Template:Country data Colombia Colombia No - Yes Civil union. Registered same-sex couples have the same pension, social security and property rights as registered heterosexaul couples Yes Yes No No There are national anti-discriminatory laws since 2007. See LGBT rights in Colombia.
Template:Country data Ecuador Ecuador No - No No Yes Yes No No Sexual orientation protection under the Constitution and in legislation. See LGBT rights in Ecuador.
Template:Country data Falkland Islands Falkland Islands No - Yes Civil partnership Yes Yes Yes Yes Falkland Islands comes under British law. See LGBT rights in the United Kingdom.
Template:Country data French Guiana French Guiana No - Yes Yes Pacte civil de solidarité. Yes Yes No No French Law applies. See LGBT rights in France.
Template:Country data Guyana Guyana Male only* Life - Considered* No No *The only country in South America to be still illegal, with life in prison. *Sexual Orientation protection was about to be amended into the constitution of Guyana, then the council of churches stopped this from happening in 2003 [13].
Template:Country data Paraguay Paraguay No - No No No No No No
Template:Country data Peru Peru No - - Yes Yes No No National anti-discrimination and protections in legislation for sexual orientation.
Template:Country data Suriname Suriname No, age of consent 18 for same-sex activity, 16 for opposite-sex activity - Section 302 is rarely enforced [14] - No No No No No No See LGBT rights in Suriname.
Template:Country data Uruguay Uruguay No - Yes Civil union Yes Yes No No Discrimination is outlawed and Civil unions are provided for both same and mixed sex couples [15], [16] and LGBT rights in Uruguay.
Template:Country data Venezuela Venezuela No - No No Yes Yes No No The 1999 Organic labor Law provides protection for LGBT people. See LGBT rights in Venezuela.

ReferencesEdit

es:Categoría:LGBT por zona geográfica

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