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Criminal Code Edit
There are sections of the penal code, that would be used against LGBT people.
Sections 269 & 270 make it a crime for a person to negligently spread a sexually transmitted disease .
Section 290 makes it a crime to commit, "a public nuisance", that it not mentioned in the code, with fines up to two hundred rupees.
Section 377 prohibits homosexuality. Along with fines, the punishment is ten years to life. In 2001, the exile group called the All Burma Students' Democratic Front voted to have the law repealed. This was seen as a victory by the Committee for Lesbigay Rights in Burma, although such a change is not likely to occur given the current political climate in Burma.
Section 469 prohibits engaging in any marriage ceremony absent of a legal marriage .
Marriage and Family Edit
Burma does not recognize a same-sex marriage or civil union performed in another nation. Nor does it permit such legal recognition internally.
Society & Culture Edit
The current political climate is such that no organized LGBT political or social life can exist. Burma's social mores about human sexuality have been described as being, "extremely conservative" . Aside from the political climate, this is a result of the fact that most people are members of the Theravada school of Buddhism, with a minority of Baptists and Muslims.
Aung Myo Min is an openly gay man and has been involved in the All Burma Students Democratic Front (ABSDF). In 2005 he talked about his coming out process and the homohobia that exists, even with the pro-democracy opposition . Today he is involved with exile Burma human rights organizations, including the "Campaign for Lesbigay Rights in Burma".
In 2003, FocusAsia (Star TV) aired a story about the Nat Kedaws. The "The Utopia Guide to Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar & Vietnam" references, "transgender shaman channeling spirits at Myanmar sacred festivals" . Yet, within Burma itself, no formal gay bars or LGBT-rights organizations exist. There are only some unconfirmed reports that certain nightclubs in the cities that are a reputation for both heterosexual and LGBT clientel .
Some gay American journalist traveled to Burma and made attempts to interview local people about their beliefs about homosexuality, with limited results . The Burmese government seemed to discourage people talking with foreigner journalists, especially about politics .