- 1830: Dom Pedro I signed into law the Imperial Penal Code. It eliminates all references to sodomy.
- 1979: O Lampião, a gay magazine, made by a lot of famous authors, like João Silvério Trevisan, Aguinaldo Silva and Luiz Mott, was created, surviving just until the next year.
- 1980: Grupo Gay da Bahia, an elderly gay rights organization in Brazil, is founded in Salvador, Bahia, together with SOMOS, another organization in São Paulo, State of São Paulo.
- 1989: The constitutions of the states of Mato Grosso and Sergipe are signed into law. They explicitly forbid discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation.
- 1995: Congresswoman Marta Suplicy proposed Bill project No. 1151 concerning civil unions. The bill is pending approval in the House since 1995.
- 1997: G Magazine, the first gay-oriented pornographic magazine with large and national distribution, is published.
- 2006: A male gay couple from Catanduva, São Paulo officially adopts a five year-old girl. According to Folha de S. Paulo, a lesbian couple from Rio Grande do Sul was the first to achieve such right.
- June 10, 2007: In its eleventh edition, the São Paulo Gay Pride Parade breaks its own record as the biggest parade in the world and attracts 3.5 million people.
- June 25, 2007-current: The Richarlyson affair in which a judge is brought before the Justice Council of São Paulo for stating in court that football is a "virile, masculine sport and not a homosexual one".
The 1989 constitutions of the states of Mato Grosso and of Sergipe explicitly prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation. As of 2003, discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation was prohibited in 73 municipal statutes, including São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, and three state constitutions.
As of 2007, an anti-discrimination law is currently pending approval on the Senate. Some conservative Catholic and protestant senators argue that the law would be an aggression on religious freedom granted by the Constitution. Senator Fátima Cleide (PT-RO) said that the law should be approved because "the country has the tragic mark that a homosexual is murdered each two days". Evangelical priest and senator Marcelo Crivella (PRB-RJ) criticizes the text, saying homosexuals will receive a protection that "should have been given to women, elder and children". 
Same-sex civil unions have been established at the state level in the State of Rio Grande do Sul. A court decision has been pending since 2005 on legalizing marriage nationwide.
In 2004, Grupo Gay da Bahia released a list with the names of 159 murdered members of the LGBT community in that year. There is also a list with the names of people that allegedly suffered from human rights abuses in the same year.
There are no official reports about hate crimes, but a research made in 2005 by the Latin American Center of Human Rights in Sexuality (Clam) found out that 65% of the homosexuals interviewed in that year's São Paulo Gay Pride Parade said that they were victims of hate speech and/or suffered physical aggression.
According to an article published in June 11, 2007 in BBC, activists estimates that between 1980 and 2006 some 2,680 gay people were murdered in Brazil, the majority thought to have been killed because of their sexuality.
Adoption by same-sex couples Edit
Two adoptions by gay couples are known, and one provisory guard. The first adoption in Brazil by a same-sex couple was by a lesbian couple from Rio Grande do Sul. In November 2006, a male gay couple from the State of São Paulo adopted a five year old girl. In December 2006, a male gay couple also from the state of São Paulo have been granted the provisory guard of four children, all brothers and sisters. The judge of the case stated that it is likely that the guard will evolve into adoption. 
Civil unions and same-sex marriage Edit
See also Edit
- ↑ Beyond Carnival. Green, James. The University of Chicago Press. 1999.
- ↑ Template:PDFlink
- ↑ Template:DOClink
- ↑ "Cartórios do RS aceitam registro de união gay". Terra. March 4, 2004.
- ↑ "Justiça autoriza casal gay a adotar criança no interior de SP". Baptista, Renata. Folha de S. Paulo. November 23, 2006.
- ↑ "Erramos: Pela 1ª vez, Justiça autoriza casal gay a adotar criança no Brasil". Folha de S. Paulo. November 28, 2006.
- ↑ "Parada Gay bate recorde, dizem organizadores". Folha de S. Paulo. June 10, 2007.
- ↑ Template:DOClink
- ↑ Template:DOClink
- ↑ "Sao Paulo holds Gay Pride parade". BBC.
- ↑ http://www1.folha.uol.com.br/folha/cotidiano/ult95u135309.shtml Story on the newspaper Folha de São Paulo Template:Pt icon
- http://web.archive.org/web/20040516061306/http://www.iglhrc.org/files/iglhrc/reports/990604-antidis.pdf Antidiscrimination Legislation, April 1999, A Worldwide Summary, International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission. Accessed January 8, 2006.
- What is the GGB, Grupo Gay da Bahia, 2003 Accessed January 8, 2006. <http://www.ggb.org.br/ggb-ingles.html>
- The International Lesbian and Gay Association World Legal Survey July 31, 2000. Accessed January 6, 2006 <http://www.ilga.info/Information/Legal_survey/americas/brazil.htm>
Enlaces externos Edit
- Información Turística con fotos, videos, mapas, actividades, diversión, playas y hoteles de la movida gay de Río de JaneiroLos Mejores Destinos de Viajes
- Felipa de Souza Brazilian woman condemned for sodomy by the Inquisition in 1592
- Grupo Gay da Bahia, 2003
- IGLHRC, 1999)