Template:Infobox State Representative Elaine Noble is an American former politician. She served in the Massachusetts House of Representatives for two terms starting in January 1975. She was the first openly lesbian or gay candidate elected to a state legislature. She served two terms as representative for the Fenway-Kenmore/Back Bay neighborhoods of Boston.
Education and careerEdit
Noble gained her degree from Massachusetts and went on to study at Boston University, Emerson College and Harvard University. Before entering politics she worked as a speech instructor and an advertising manager. She was involved in LGBT rights activism in Boston. In 1974 she was elected to the state House of Representatives with 59% of the vote. She was sworn into office on New Year's Day 1975 by governor Michael Dukakis. Her election made her the first openly LGBT candidate elected to a state-level office in the United States; the second, after Kathy Kozachenko, to be elected to office; and the third openly LGBT elected official overall (Kozachenko's predecessor, Nancy Wechsler, having come out while in office but not publicly known to be lesbian at the time she was elected).
In March 1977, she was part of the first delegation of gay men and lesbians invited to the White House under President Jimmy Carter to discuss issues important to the LGBT community. After her two terms in the House of Representatives, Noble went to work for Kevin White who was Boston mayor at the time. Whilst working for White's office, Noble became involved in an FBI investigation in which she had to testify in front of a grand jury for nineteen hours. No charges were brought against Noble. In 1980, she ran for United States Senate, losing to Paul Tsongas. In the 1990s she unsuccessfully ran for Cambridge, Massachusetts city council.
In 1986 Noble and Ellen Ratner formed a gay and lesbian alcohol and drug treatment center in Minneapolis called the Pride Institute. More recently she has worked as a healthcare administrator and a realtor.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Gianoulis, Tina (2005-10-13). Noble, Elaine. glbtq: An Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Culture. Retrieved on 2007-09-24.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 30 Years after the White House Meeting: Participants then and now. National Gay and Lesbian Task Force (2007). Retrieved on 2007-09-24.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 Neff, Lisa (2002-11-12). Elaine Noble November 1974: a progressive Massachusetts candidate becomes the first openly gay person elected to a state-level office. The Advocate. Retrieved on 2007-09-24.
- ↑ Sklar, Roberta. Press conference commemorates first White House meeting. Qnotes. Retrieved on 2007-09-24.