E. Denise Simmons was the mayor of Cambridge, Massachusetts during the 2008-2009 term, (United States) and she was the first openly lesbian African-American mayor in the United States.[1] The previous mayor of Cambridge, Kenneth Reeves, was the first openly gay African-American mayor in the United States. As Cambridge mayor, Simmons served as head of the city's legislative body—while the non-elected city manager serves as the city's chief executive officer.

Personal Edit

Simmons grew up in Cambridge's industrial neighborhood and attended Cambridge schools. She received a Bachelor of Science degree in Sociology from the University of Massachusetts Boston, and a Master's degree in Psychotherapy from Antioch College. In 1982, she established her own business, the Cambridgeport Insurance Agency.

Simmons is also a photo archivist and family historian, and has facilitated workshops for public and private organizations both nationally and locally—including for the Cambridge Public Schools. Simmons has received numerous awards and commendations for her work in the community.[2]

Politics Edit

A Justice of the Peace and Notary Public, Simmons came to public office with 12 years of experience with the city-funded citizen rights organization Civic Unity Committee, which she served as executive director. Among the work performed while in this role was her successful fight to increase the diversity within the Cambridge public school faculty. In 1992, Simmons ran for and won a spot on the Cambridge School Committee. She quickly won praise from across Cambridge for her tremendous work ethic, and for her efforts to find ways to build consensus with her colleagues. Over the next several years, Simmons gained a reputation as a calm, thoughtful voice on the school committee, and as a person who always kept her door open to anyone who wished to speak with her.

In 2001, Simmons ran for and won a seat on the city council. She immediately set out to make local government more accessible to a wider range of people, and through efforts such as holding "town hall" style meetings,[3] Simmons worked to get more people involved in their own governance. Simmons - being Black, a woman, and a member of the GLBT community - worked hard to make sure that each of these constituencies were given a voice inside City Hall. Simmons was a member of the City Council when Cambridge City Hall became the first municipality, in 2004, to issue same-sex marriage licenses. She also promoted efforts to help local minority business owners network and establish themselves in Cambridge. Simmons also helped initiate community conversations about the role of race and class in contemporary Cambridge society.

Her election to mayor of Cambridge by the Cambridge City Council on January 14, 2008 was unanimous.[4] Simmons brought the same sensibilities to the mayor's office that she brought to her previous endeavors - notably, she took pains to create an open-door atmosphere to her constituents. She opened the "mayor's parlor" to the people of Cambridge, where she convened meetings on everything from environmental policy, to the coordination of the city's various social services providers, to a senior citizens' advisory group. Simmons developed a reputation as a work horse, with an emphasis on constituent services.

Simmons was mayor during the summer of 2009, during which time Cambridge was thrust into the international spotlight due to the arrest of Harvard University Professor Henry Lewis Gates, Jr.[5] As a result of the attention this incident generated, Simmons was sought after as a spokesperson for the city, and she was careful to avoid inflaming an already volatile situation. Simmons was interviewed on ABC's "Good Morning America,"[6] CBS's "The Early Show," CNN's "State Of The Union" with John King,[7] among several other national media outlets. Simmons won praise from her constituents for giving measured, thoughtful responses in public, as well as for her diligent work to contain the situation behind the scenes. Simmons noted that she had a lengthy record of leading public discussions on how race and class impact contemporary Cambridge, and this work would continue long after the Professor Gates arrest faded from the headlines.

In February 2010, Councillor Simmons announced that she was running for an open state senate seat in the Middlesex, Suffolk and Essex district[8] that was vacated by Anthony Galluccio.[9] She came in third, behind Everett City Councilor Sal DiDomenico and Cambridge Attorney Tim Flaherty, in the April 13, 2010 primary. She released a statement to the press that said, in part: "Despite coming up a little short at the end, this campaign was still a winning experience for me. I have had a tremendous opportunity to get to meet so many people, to learn more about the issues impacting the people in this district, and to make many new friends in Cambridge and beyond. The volunteers that made phone calls and knocked on doors every day were phenomenal, and their dedication and enthusiasm for civic engagement energized me every day."[10] Having lost the primary, Councillor Simmons returned her attention to her duties on the Cambridge City Council.

Simmons won re-election to her 7th two-year term in November 2013, and began serving on January 6, 2014. In the term just prior to this, she served as Vice Mayor of Cambridge.

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. Black lesbian makes history in Massachusetts
  2. City Councilor Denise Simmons
  3. Denise Simmons - Cambridge City Council Candidate 2011
  4. Mayor's Biography.
  5. Henry Louis Gates, Jr
  6. Cambridge Mayor Offers Gates an Apology - YouTube
  7. Cambridge Mayor: "We Need To Move This Conversation Forward" - YouTube
  10. Denise Simmons thanks supporters in statement | Cantabrigia

External links Edit

Wikipedialogo This page uses content from Wikipedia. The original article was at E. Denise Simmons. The list of authors can be seen in the page history.. As with LGBT Info, the text of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0.

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