Caroline "Tula" Cossey (born August 31, 1954, in Brooke, Norfolk), is an English model. Born Barry Kenneth Cossey, she is one of the world's most well known intersex people, having appeared in a James Bond film and being the first to ever pose for Playboy (magazine). Since being "outed" by British tabloid News of the World, Cossey has fought for her right to legally marry a man and to be recognized by the law as a woman.
Early life and transitionEdit
Barry Cossey was born and raised a boy in Brooke, a village in Norfolk, England. Even through puberty, Cossey was somewhat feminine in appearance due to a condition known as Klinefelter's syndrome; however, instead of having XXY chromosomes like most with this condition, Cossey is XXXY. In Cossey's autobiography My Story, she describes an unhappy childhood, where she suffered confusing feelings and bullying by peers due to her femininity. Growing up, Cossey's closest companion was his sister, Pam, with whom he would play dress up in their mother's clothes. Cossey left formal schooling when he was 15, and found work in a clothing store and as a butcher's apprentice; at 16, Cossey left Norfolk and moved to London, where he held a variety of low-wage jobs in the city.
Soon after moving to London, Cossey started transitioning, after befriending a post-operative transsexual woman. By the age of 17, Cossey had started hormone therapy, was living full-time in a female gender role, and had begun a career as a showgirl at a London nightclub. Despite initial shock, her parents were eventually supportive. After undergoing breast augmentation surgery, she worked as a showgirl in Paris and as a topless dancer in Rome to save up for sex reassignment surgery (SRS). After years of hormonal and psychological treatment, and legally changing her name, Cossey had SRS on December 31, 1974 at Charing Cross Hospital in London.
Modeling career and "outing" by the tabloid pressEdit
After the surgery, Cossey ventured into a career in modeling, and an active social life as a woman. She worked and dated without revealing her past. "I'm afraid I went a little wild," Cossey told Playboy in 1991, when asked about her dating life. She told tabloids about a romance with Des Lynam, though Lynam claims not recalling it. Under the name "Tula," Cossey worked as a model. She appeared in magazines such as Australian Vogue and Harper's Bazaar, and worked extensively as a glamour model. She was a Page Three Girl for British tabloid The Sun, and appeared Playboy magazine in 1981.
Cossey won a part on the British game show 3-2-1 in 1978. Soon, a tabloid journalist started contacting Cossey, revealing he had discovered she was transsexual, and planned to write a story on it. Journalists began researching her past, and attempted to interview her family members. Cossey responded by dropping out of the show, convincing the producers to let her out of contract; eventually, the tabloid's journalists stopped contacting Cossey and her family. After the incident, Cossey tried to keep a lower profile, and accepted only smaller assignments.
In 1981, Cossey was cast as an extra in the James Bond film For Your Eyes Only. Shortly after the film’s release in 1982, the tabloid News of the World finally revealed that Cossey was transsexual, with a front page headline reading "James Bond Girl Was a Boy." The story spread quickly, and by her own accounts, Cossey was so upset by the press coverage she contemplated suicide. However, she was eventually able to continue her modeling career. In 1982, Cossey responded by releasing I Am a Woman, her first autobiography.
After the furor died down, Cossey became engaged to Count Glauco Lasinio, an Italian advertising executive, who was the first man who dated her knowing of her history from the beginning. He encouraged her to petition for change in British law concerning transsexuals. The engagement failed, but the legal process continued for seven years, eventually reaching the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg.
In 1985, after breaking up with Lasinio, she met Elias Fattal, a Jewish businessman, who was not aware of her history until proposing marriage on Valentine's Day 1988. Rather than rejecting her, as she had feared, he merely asked if she would convert to Judaism, which she did. They were married on May 21, 1989, a few weeks after the European Court of Human Rights handed down their decision to legally recognize Cossey as a female on May 9. They returned from their honeymoon to find that The News of the World had done another story on their wedding. Fattal's family was angry and horrified and after a few weeks, convinced him to have the marriage annulled.
On September 27, 1990, the European Court overturned their decision after the British government appealed. (Transsexuals born in the United Kingdom would later be declared legally female through the Gender Recognition Act 2004.) Cossey returned to modeling, which she had not done for the four years with Fattal.
In 1991, Cossey released My Story, her second autobiography which told the details of her transition and her unsuccessful battle with the European Commission. Cossey was featured in the September 1991 issue of Playboy, in pictorial "The Transformation Of Tula", this time as an acknowledged transsexual.
Cossey married again in 1992 to Canadian David Finch. The couple are still married and living in Kennesaw, Georgia, just outside Atlanta.
- Tula. I am a Woman. 1982. Sphere. ISBN 0-722-10583-5
- Cossey, Caroline. My Story. 1991. Faber and Faber. ISBN 0-571-16251-7
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 "The transformation of Tula. (transsexual Caroline Cossey)", by Gretchen Edgren, Playboy, September 1991, v38 n9 p102.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 My Story by Caroline Cossey. 1991. Faber and Faber. ISBN 0-571-16251-7
- ↑ "Sporting kiss and tell's", May 8, 2005, Observer Sport Monthly, The Guardian. Retrieved 2007-11-01.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 Template:Dk icon "Bondpigen var mand", (Bond girl was a man), by Henning Høeg, 23 November 2006, B.T.. Retrieved 2007-11-01.
- ↑ Henri Brandman & Co., Solicitors, famous cases. Retrieved 2007-11-01.
- ↑ "Beauty/Fashion; The Mirror Cracked", by Marcelle Clements, September 15, 1991, The New York Times. Retrieved 2007-09-27.
- Caroline 'Tula' Cossey at the Internet Movie Database
- Snopes article
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