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Caitlyn Jenner

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Caitlyn Jenner
Name at BirthWilliam Bruce Jenner
BornOctober 28, 1949
BirthplaceMt. Kisco, New York, U.S.
Alma materGraceland University
DegreeNewtown High School
SpouseChrystie Crownover (m. 1972–81)
Linda Thompson (m. 1981–86)
Kris Houghton (m. 1991–2015)
ChildrenBurton Jenner
Cassandra Jenner
Brandon Jenner
Brody Jenner
Kendall Jenner
Kylie Jenner

Caitlyn Jenner[1] (born William Bruce Jenner, October 28, 1949), formerly known as Bruce Jenner, is an American former track and field athlete and current television personality.

Jenner came to international attention when, while still identifying as a man, she won the gold medal in the decathlon at the 1976 Summer Olympics held in Montreal. Subsequently she starred in several made-for-TV movies and was briefly Erik Estrada's replacement on the TV series CHiPs.

Jenner was married for nearly 24 years to Kris Jenner (formerly Kardashian); the couple and their children appeared beginning in 2007 on the television reality series Keeping Up with the Kardashians. Following her divorce in 2015, Jenner came out in a television interview as a transwoman, initially preferring male pronouns until her transition was more complete.[2] On June 1, 2015, Jenner revealed her new name, Caitlyn, and her use of female pronouns officially.[1] Many news sources have described Jenner as the most famous openly transgender American.[3][4][5]

Early life Edit

Caitlyn Jenner was born William Bruce Jenner on October 28, 1949, in Mount Kisco, New York,[6] the son of Esther R. (née McGuire) and William Hugh Jenner, a tree surgeon.[7][8] Jenner has two sisters, Lisa and Pam,[9] while her younger brother, Burt, was killed in a car accident in Canton, Connecticut, shortly after Jenner's success at the Olympics.[10] Jenner was also diagnosed with dyslexia as a young child.[11]

She attended Sleepy Hollow High School in Sleepy Hollow, New York, during her freshman and sophomore years,[12][13] and then Newtown High School in Newtown, Connecticut, during her junior and senior years, graduating in 1968.[14] Jenner earned a football scholarship and attended Graceland College (now Graceland University) in Lamoni, Iowa, but was forced to stop playing football and switch to the decathlon due to a knee injury.[15] Graceland's track coach and Jenner's mentor, L. D. Weldon, was the first to recognize Jenner's potential and encouraged the youngster to pursue the decathlon.[16] Jenner debuted in the decathlon at the Drake Relays in Des Moines, Iowa in 1970, placing fifth.[17] Jenner graduated from Graceland College in 1973 with a degree in physical education.[18]

Personal life Edit

Jenner is a Christian, leans politically conservative, and is a Republican.[19][20] Her first marriage was to Chrystie Scott (née Crownover) from 1972 to 1981. They have two children, son Burton and daughter Cassandra, known as Burt and Casey respectively.[21][22] Jenner and Scott's divorce was finalized the first week of January 1981.[23] The same week, on January 5, 1981, Jenner married her second wife, actress Linda Thompson, at the Oahu, Hawaii, home of film producer Allan Carr.[24] By February 1986, Jenner and Thompson had separated, and they subsequently divorced.[25] Jenner and Thompson have two sons together, Brandon and Sam Brody, known as Brody.[26] The two sons starred on the reality show The Princes of Malibu. Brody Jenner was also on the reality show The Hills.

Jenner married her third wife, Kris Kardashian (née Houghton), on April 21, 1991, after five months of dating.[27] They have two daughters, Kendall and Kylie. As Bruce, Jenner was also the stepfather to Kris' four children from her previous marriage to the late lawyer Robert Kardashian: Kourtney Kardashian, Kim Kardashian, Khloé Kardashian and Rob Kardashian. The couple announced their separation in October 2013,[28] though they had actually separated a year earlier.[29] Kris filed for divorce in September 2014, citing irreconcilable differences.[30] Their divorce terms were finalized in December 2014 and went into effect on March 23, 2015, due to a six-month state legal requirement.[31]

In February 2015, Jenner was involved in a multiple-vehicle collision on the Pacific Coast Highway in Malibu, California. The accident caused one death, and eight others were injured. Jenner was able to walk away from the accident.[32][33][34] The stepchildren of the deceased filed a wrongful death lawsuit against Jenner in relation to the incident.[35][36]

Gender transition Edit

In an April 24, 2015 20/20 interview with Diane Sawyer, Jenner shared that she is a transwoman and has dealt with gender dysphoria since her youth. She said that for all intents and purposes, "I’m a woman." Jenner cross dressed for many years[37] and began a physical transition in the 1980s with hormone replacement therapy, but quit after meeting Kris Kardashian in the early 1990s.[38] While Jenner preferred to be seen as male until she revealed her feminine side publicly, On June 1, 2015, Jenner revealed her new name, Caitlyn, and her use of female pronouns officially.[39] Her transition is also the subject of an eight-part documentary series starting July 2015. While she has undergone some cosmetic surgery as part of transitioning, she has not ruled out gender reassignment surgery, and feels life as a woman is primarily a matter of mental state and lifestyle.[40] She said she has never been attracted to men and has always been heterosexual, but currently identifies as asexual.[41][42]

Jenner's announcement came at an unprecedented time for trans visibility, including legislative initiatives.[43][44] The 20/20 interview had 20.7 million viewers, making it television's "highest-ever rated newsmagazine telecast among adults 18–49 and adults 25–54."[45] The Daily Beast noted that it may have been Jenner's "honesty, his vulnerability, or his fame" but she may have made "cheap jokes" about trans people, some aired during the show as part of the interview's educating the public on transphobia, "seem mean to a mainstream audience on an unprecedented scale."[46] Using examples of how comedians had changed in their talking about Jenner's transition, The Daily Beast saw the change as the same evolution that took place in acceptance of LGBT people as a whole when "comedians finally cross the critical threshold from mockery to creativity in their joke-telling."[46]

Prior to Jenner's 20/20 interview, a two-part special titled Keeping Up with the Kardashians: About Bruce was filmed with the family to answer questions and prepare the children for personal and public aspects of the transition.[47] The episodes aired in May 2015 and emphasized a point made in the 20/20 prelude that there is no one right way of transitioning for all who do so and for Bruce she felt she had to ensure all his kids were independent first before focusing inward in this way.[47] Premiering the new "her", as Jenner has referred to his emerging gender identity, will be done with a photo spread and interview including a cover shot by Annie Leibovitz to be released in Summer 2015 of Vanity Fair.[48]

The Vanity Fair cover was revealed online on June 1, 2015, featuring a photo of Jenner with the title, "Call me Caitlyn." Jenner also released a new verified Twitter handle, @Caitlyn_Jenner, tweeting the cover and the message, "I'm so happy after such a long struggle to be living my true self. Welcome to the world, Caitlyn. Can't wait for you to get to know her/me."[49]

References Edit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Leibovitz, Annie. Introducing Caitlyn Jenner. Vanity Fair.
  2. Bruce Jenner Says He Identifies as a Woman. “"For the purpose of the interview, Mr. Jenner said he preferred the pronoun "he," and Ms. Sawyer called him Bruce."”
  3. Milliken, Mary. "Olympian Bruce Jenner makes transgender history by identifying as a woman", Reuters. 
  4. "Bruce Jenner on living as a woman", BBC News. 
  5. Ford, Matt. Bruce Jenner, Transgender American. The Atlantic.
  6. Stelter, Brian; Pallotta, Frank (April 25, 2015). "Jenner: 'Yes, for all intents and purposes, I'm a woman'". WCVB-TV.
  7. "William Bruce Jenner". Geni. Retrieved April 25, 2015.
  8. Crownover, Ernest Elder (1986). Matt and Daisy Dell Kuykendall Crownover: Their Ancestry and Posterity. Santa Rosa, California: E.E. Crownover, 39. 
  9. Daniel, Hugo. Bruce Jenner's mother on why she is not a fan of her son's new effeminate look... as she lets rip at his 'controlling monster' ex Kris in no-holds-barred interview. Daily Mail.
  10. "Fame Woes" . People (magazine) 7 (14): 24–27. 
  11. "Gold Medallist Bruce Jenner interviewed by Chet Cooper", Ability (magazine). 
  12. Lucas, Lisa; Adams Otis, Ginger; McShane, Larry (April 18, 2015). "Bruce Jenner's coaches, school pals recall athlete's early challenges, successes ahead of Diane Sawyer interview". [Daily News (New York).
  13. Croke, Karen (April 24, 2015). "Will Bruce Jenner return to Tarrytown?". The Journal News.
  14. Davis, Stacy (March 22, 2011). "Jenner's name taken off football field". The News-Times.
  15. American Men of Olympic Track and Field: Interviews with Athletes and Coaches. McFarland & Company, 53–62. ISBN 978-0-7864-1930-2. 
  16. Jenner, Bruce. Finding the Champion Within: A Step-by-Step Plan for Reaching Your Full Potential. Simon and Schuster, 45. ISBN 978-0-684-87037-3. 
  17. in Murry R. Nelson: American Sports: A History of Icons, Idols, and Ideas: A History of Icons, Idols, and Ideas. ABC-CLIO, 611. ISBN 978-0-313-39753-0. 
  18. Jenner true to word, wins Olympic gold. ESPN Classic.
  19. Silverstein, Jason. "Bruce Jenner admits to being Republican during '20/20' interview, shocking some on social media", Daily News. 
  20. Schwarz, Hunter. "Bruce Jenner said he's Republican. Only 21 percent of LGBT Americans are.", April 24, 2015. 
  21. Ottum, Bob. "Hey, Mister Fantasy Man". 
  22. Burton William Jenner, Born 9/6/1978 in California. California Birth Index.
  23. Jenner, Chrystie. "An Olympic Hero's Ex-Wife Finds Out Who She Is in the Wreckage of Her Marriage", January 12, 1981. Retrieved on January 29, 2015. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. 
  24. "Notes on People; Bruce Jenner Married 'Hee Haw' Entertainer; Hawaiian Wedding", The New York Times, January 7, 1981. 
  25. "After Five Years, Bruce Jenner and Second Wife Linda Find Happiness Is Not Working Out", People, February 10, 1986. 
  26. Saad, Nardine. "Brody Jenner joins 'Keeping Up With the Kardashians'", Los Angeles Times, March 5, 2013. Archived from the original on April 3, 2013. 
  27. "Jenner-Kardashian", p. A2. 
  28. "Kris Jenner and Bruce Jenner Are Separated, "Much Happier" Living Apart", E! Online, October 8, 2013. Retrieved on October 8, 2013. 
  29. Takeda, Allison. "Kris Jenner, Bruce Jenner Separate After 22 Years of Marriage: "I Will Always Love Him"", Us Weekly, October 8, 2013. Retrieved on October 8, 2013. 
  30. Finn, Natalie. "Kris Jenner Files for Divorce From Bruce Jenner 11 Months After Revealing Separation", E! Online, September 22, 2014. Retrieved on September 22, 2014. 
  31. Bacardi, Francesca (December 18, 2014). Kris Jenner and Bruce Jenner's Divorce Finalized. E! Online. Retrieved on January 29, 2015.
  32. Bruce Jenner blames paparazzi for deadly three-car pileup on Pacific Coast Highway (February 7, 2015). Retrieved on February 7, 2015.
  33. "Ex-Olympian Bruce Jenner in car crash that killed another, police say", Los Angeles: Reuters, February 7, 2015. Retrieved on February 7, 2015. 
  34. "Bruce Jenner Involved in Fatal Car Crash in Malibu" (February 7, 2015). People. 
  35. "Bruce Jenner Served With Wrongful Death Lawsuit for Malibu Crash", ABC News, May 1, 2015. 
  36. "Bruce Jenner sued over fatal car accident", CNN, May 2, 2015. Retrieved on May 2, 2015. 
  37. Bruce Jenner: 'I'm a Woman'. 20/20/ABC News. Retrieved on April 25, 2015.
  38. Allen, Nick. Bruce Jenner 'started transgender journey in 1980s'.
  39. Leibovitz, Annie (June 1, 2015). Introducing Caitlyn Jenner. Vanity Fair. Retrieved on June 1, 2015.
  40. Diane Sawyer, (April 24, 2015). "Bruce Jenner – The Interview". ABC News.
  41. Yahr, Emily (April 24, 2015). Bruce Jenner's in-depth interview: 'For all intents and purposes, I am a woman'. The Washington Post. Retrieved on April 25, 2015.
  42. Bruce Jenner Comes Out as Transgender Woman: How Family, Celebrities Reacted. ABC News (April 24, 2015). Retrieved on April 25, 2015.
  43. America's transgender moment. CNN. Retrieved on April 26, 2015.
  44. Bruce Jenner throws focus on America's 'new civil rights frontier'. The Guardian. Retrieved on April 26, 2015.
  45. Bruce Jenner ’20/20′ Interview Rises to Over 20-Million Viewers. TV Media Insights. Retrieved on 7 May 2015.
  46. 46.0 46.1 How To Tell A Bruce Jenner Joke: Late Night’s Subtle Transition. The Daily Beast. Retrieved on 7 May 2015.
  47. 47.0 47.1 'Keeping Up With The Kardashians: About Bruce' Was Just As Emotional As Expected. Huffington Post. Retrieved on 1 June 2015.
  48. Bruce Jenner to Pose for Cover of Vanity Fair, Sources Say. People.
  49. "I'm so happy after such a long struggle to be living my true self.", Twitter. Retrieved on June 1, 2015. 

External links Edit


Wikipedialogo This page uses content from Wikipedia. The original article was at Caitlyn Jenner. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with LGBT Info, the text of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0.

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