Goss taught in the Religious Studies Department of Webster University (1994-2004), and served as chair of the Department. His denial of tenure by the University was controversial with allegations being made that this was due to Goss' outspoken views on sexuality.
Goss has served as co-chair of the Gay Men's Issues in Religion Group of the American Academy of Religion. While teaching he won the 2000 Templeton Course Prize in Religion & Science.
He serves on the National Advisory Board of the Center for Lesbian and Gay Studies in Religion and Ministry of the Pacific School of Religion.
His published works include:
- Jesus ACTED UP: A Gay and Lesbian Manifesto (1993)
- Queering Christ: Beyond Jesus ACTED UP (2002)
Goss is currently co-editing a translesbigay commentary on all the books of the Hebrew and Christian scriptures. He is also currently a professor at California State University, Northridge where he teaches comparative religions.