Aaron J. Fink, M.D., (d. 1990) was a California urologist who believed that male neonatal circumcision was ordained by the Bible and medically necessary.[citation needed]

Fink authored Circumcision: A Decision for Life, in which he outlined his arguments in favour of circumcision.

One of Fink's arguments was that circumcision could prevent HIV infection. Several authors, e.g., Weiss et al. attribute the origin of this idea to Fink[1] (Alcena, however, has stated that Fink's article was "was based on my [Alcena's] idea"[2]). Subsequent medical research has investigated the matter of circumcision and HIV. In 2000, a systematic review and meta-analysis of the studies in the literature on sub-Saharan African AIDS concluded that circumcision is associated with significantly reduced risk.[1] In 2007, following the completion of three randomised controlled trials, the World Health Organization stated that "The efficacy of male circumcision in reducing female to male transmission of HIV has been proven beyond reasonable doubt. [...] Male circumcision should now be recognized as an efficacious intervention for HIV prevention."[3] They cautioned, however, that "Male circumcision does not provide complete protection against HIV infection. Circumcised men can still become infected with the virus and, if HIV-positive, can infect their sexual partners."


  1. 1.0 1.1 Weiss, Helen A; Quigley, Maria A.; Hayes, Richard J. (October 2000). "Male circumcision and risk of HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis". AIDS 14 (15): 2361–2370. doi:10.1097/00002030-200010200-00018. 
  2. Alcena, Valiere (October 2006). "AIDS in Third World Countries". PLoS Medicine: [online]. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.0020298#r1326. 
  3. New Data on Male Circumcision and HIV Prevention: Policy and Programme Implications. World Health Organization (March 2007).

See alsoEdit

Ad blocker interference detected!

Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.