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2014 in LGBT rights

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This is a list of notable events in the history of LGBT rights that took place in the year 2014.

Events Edit

January Edit

  • 13[1] - Nigeria passes a law that makes same-sex marriage illegal, along with public displays of same-sex relationships and belonging to homosexual groups. The law enshrined punishments for those that violate it. This includes those in a same-sex marriage or civil union being sentenced to 14 years in prison and foreign partnerships being "void"; additionally those who register, operate or participate in gay clubs, societies and organizations or who directly or indirectly makes public display of affection as part of a same-sex relationship would be punished with up to 10 years in prison.[2]
  • 14 - In Bishop v. Oklahoma, U.S. District Court Judge Terence Kern ruled that the Oklahoma's ban on gay marriage violates the equal protection clause of the U.S. constitution for homosexual couples. The decision was immediately stayed, pending an appeal by the government of Oklahoma.[3]
  • 27 — Northern Cyprus repeals Criminal Code provisions which punished consensual sexual acts between adult men[4]

February Edit

  • 12 - In Bourke v. Beshear, U.S. District Judge John G. Heyburn ruled that Kentucky's ban on recognizing same-sex marriages performed in other states violates equal protection clause under the 14th Amendment. This ruling does not require the state to perform same-sex marriages.[6]
  • 13 - In Bostic v. Rainey, U.S. District Judge Arenda Wright Allen ruled that Virginia's ban on same-sex marriage violates the equal protection clause under the 14th Amendment for gay and lesbian couples.[7]
  • 26 - In De Leon v. Perry, U.S. District Judge Orlando Garcia ruled that Texas's ban on same-sex marriage was unconstitutional. The ruling has been stayed pending an appeal.[8]

March Edit

April Edit

  • 14 - In Henry v. Wymyslo, U.S. District Judge Timothy Black ruled that Ohio's ban on recognizing same-sex marriages performed in other states was unconstitutional. This ruling, however, does not require the state to perform same-sex marriages.[10] The judge partially stayed his ruling on 16 April while the state of Ohio appealed.[11]
  • 14 - In Malta parliament approves a civil partnership bill.[12]
  • 15 - India officially recognizes a third gender after a Supreme Court ruling. It paves the way for access to welfare schemes along the lines of other minority groups in the country.[13]

May Edit

  • 9 - In Wright v. Arkansas, Pulaski County Circuit Court Judge Chris Piazza ruled that Arkansas's ban on same-sex marriage was unconstitutional.[14]
  • 10 - American football defensive end Michael Sam was picked by the St. Louis Rams during the seventh round of the NFL draft, becoming the first openly gay player drafted by an NFL team.[15]
  • 12 - In Latta v. Otter, U.S. District Magistrate Judge Candy Dale ruled that Idaho's ban on same-sex marriage was unconstitutional.[16]
  • 19 - In Geiger v. Kitzhaber, U.S. District Court Judge Michael McShane ruled that the Oregon's ban on same-sex marriage violates the equal protection clause of the U.S. constitution for gay and lesbian couples.[17]
  • 20 - In Whitewood v. Wolf, U.S. District Court Judge John E. Jones III ruled that the Pennsylvania's ban on same-sex marriage was unconstitutional.[18]

June Edit

  • 6 - In Wolf v. Walker, U.S. District Court Judge Barbara Crabb ruled that Wisconsin's constitutional and legislative ban on gay marriage violates the due process clause of the U.S. constitution, and discriminates on the basis of sexual orientation, violating the equal protection clause.[19][20]
  • 18 - In Luxembourg parliament approves same-sex marriage bill.[21]
  • 25

July Edit

  • 1 - In Bourke v. Beshear / Love v. Beshear, U.S. District Judge John G. Heyburn expanded his previous ruling, striking down Kentucky's ban on gay marriage as unconstitutional.[24]
  • 9 - In a combined case of Brinkman v. Long and McDaniel-Miccio v. Hickenlooper, State District Court Judge C. Scott Crabtree ruled that Colorado's ban on gay marriage violates the equal protection and due process of the U.S. Constitution. However, the ruling was stayed pending the state's appeal.[25]
  • 15 — The Croatian Parliament approves a civil partnership bill.[26]
  • 17 - In Huntsman v. Heavilin, Florida District Court Judge Luis M. Garcia ruled that the state's constitutional ban on same-sex marriage violates the equal protection clause of the U.S. Constitution. The ruling only applies to Monroe County and has since been stayed, pending appeal.[27]
  • 18 - In Bishop v. Oklahoma, the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit upheld a lower court ruling that struck down Oklahoma's gay marriage ban. The ruling has been stayed, pending an appeal.[28]
  • 21 - United States President Barack Obama signed an executive order expanding employment protections for federal workers and contractors to include gender identity. This order also bans sexual orientation and gender identity discrimination for companies receiving federal contracts.[29]
  • 25 - In Pareto v. Ruvin, Florida Circuit Court Judge Sarah Zabel ruled that the state's constitutional ban on same-sex marriage violates the equal protection clause of the U.S. Constitution. The ruling is similar to the decision made in Huntsman v. Heavilin but only applies to Miami-Dade County, Florida and has been stayed, pending appeal.[30]
  • 28 - In Bostic v. Rainey, the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit upheld a lower court ruling that struck down Virginia's same-sex marriage ban. The ruling has been stayed, pending an appeal.[31]
  • 31 - Palau's revised penal code comes into effect, decriminalising male homosexual activity in the process making homosexuality wholly legal in the country.[32]

August Edit

  • 1 - The Constitutional Court of Uganda invalidated the Anti-Homosexuality Bill as not enough members of parliament were present to vote on the bill.[33]
  • 21 - In Brenner v. Scott, U.S. District Judge Robert L. Hinkle ruled that Florida's constitutional ban on same-sex marriage violates the equal protection clause of the U.S. Constitution. The ruling has been stayed, pending appeal.[34]

September Edit

October Edit

November Edit

  • 4 - In Marie v. Moser, U.S. District Court Judge Daniel Crabtree ruled that Kansas' ban on same-sex marriage was unconstitutional.[51]
  • 6
    • The United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit upheld state bans on same-sex marriage in Michigan, Ohio, Kentucky, and Tennessee. This decision splits with the decisions from the four other appellate court and will likely setting up for the U.S. Supreme Court to hear the issue.[52]
    • In State of Missouri v. Florida, St. Louis Circuit Judge Rex Burlison ruled that Missouri's ban on same-sex marriage was unconstitutional.[53] The ruling only applies to St. Louis county.[54]
  • 12 - In Bradacs v. Haley, U.S. District Court Judge Richard Mark Gergel ruled that South Carolina's ban on same-sex marriage was unconstitutional.[55]
  • 19 - In Rolando v. Fox, U.S. District Judge Brian Morris ruled that Montana's ban on same-sex marriage was unconstitutional. The judge did not issue a stay on his ruling, which allows state officials to begin issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples.[56]
  • 25
    • In Jernigan v. Crane, U.S. District Judge Kristine Baker ruled that Arkansas' ban on same-sex marriage was unconstitutional. The judge stayed her ruling, pending an appeal by the state.[57]
    • In Campaign for Southern Equality v. Bryant, U.S. District Judge Carlton Reeves ruled that Mississippi's ban on same-sex marriage was unconstitutional. The judge stayed his ruling, pending an appeal by the state.[57]
  • 28 - The Parliament of Finland approved a citizen's initiative to legalize same-sex marriage. The new law is scheduled to take effect sometime in 2016.[58][59]

December Edit

Deaths Edit

  • 4 September - Joan Rivers, United States comedian, LGBT Supporter, complications from surgery.[61]

References Edit

  1. http://www.voanews.com/content/nigerian-activists-wave-of-homophobia-forces-gay-people-from-homes-jobs/1861288.html
  2. http://www.aljazeera.com/news/africa/2014/01/nigeria-passes-law-banning-gay-marriage-2014113151626685617.html
  3. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=262517552
  4. Northern Cyprus abolishes the last law in Europe criminalising homosexuality
  5. Scotland becomes 17th country to approve same-sex marriages
  6. Judge says state must recognize gay marriages performed in other states. AP. Retrieved on 12 February 2014.
  7. Barnes, Robert. Federal judge strikes down Va. ban on gay marriage. Washington Post. Retrieved on 13 February 2014.
  8. Federal judge strikes down Texas gay marriage ban. AP. Retrieved on 26 February 2014.
  9. Judge strikes down Michigan's ban on gay marriage. AP. Retrieved on 21 March 2014.
  10. Loehrke, Janet. "Judge: Ohio must recognize other states' gay marriages", 14 April 2014. Retrieved on 14 April 2014. 
  11. Snow, Justin. "Federal judge grants partial stay in Ohio marriage-ban ruling", 16 April 2014. Retrieved on 16 April 2014. 
  12. queer.de:Malta führt Eingetragene Partnerschaften ein (german)
  13. http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2014/04/indian-transgenders-granted-legal-status-201441571021109759.html
  14. Arkansas Judge Strikes Down Ban on Same-Sex Marriage. Retrieved on 9 May 2014.
  15. St. Louis Rams pick Michael Sam, first openly gay player drafted by NFL team. AP. Retrieved on 10 May 2014.
  16. Judge strikes down Idaho's same-sex marriage ban. AP. Retrieved on 12 May 2014.
  17. Mapes, Jeff. "Oregon gay marriage ban struck down by federal judge; same-sex marriages to begin", 19 May 2014. Retrieved on 14 May 2014. 
  18. Pearson, Michael. "Federal judge rules same-sex marriage ban in Pennsylvania unconstitutional", 20 May 2014. Retrieved on 20 May 2014. 
  19. Wolf v. Walker, 14-cv-64-bbc, (W.D. Michigan 6 June 2014) p 3
  20. Richmond, Todd. "Judge strikes down Wisconsin gay marriage ban", 6 June 2014. Retrieved on 6 June 2014. 
  21. queer.de:Luxemburg öffnet Ehe für Schwule und Lesben (german)
  22. Wilson, Charles. "Judge strikes down Indiana's ban on same-sex marriage, allows marriage to immediately start", 25 June 2014. Retrieved on 25 June 2014. 
  23. "Federal appeals court says Utah's gay marriage ban is unconstitutional, puts ruling on hold", 25 June 2014. Retrieved on 25 June 2014. 
  24. "Judge rules Kentucky's same-sex marriage ban unconstitutional", 1 July 2014. Retrieved on 8 July 2014. 
  25. "Judge: Colorado gay marriage ban unconstitutional", 9 July 2014. Retrieved on 9 July 2014. 
  26. queer.de:Kroatien führt eingetragene Partnerschaften ein (german)
  27. Anderson, Curt. "Judge Overturns Gay Marriage Ban In Florida Keys", 17 July 2014. Retrieved on 22 July 2014. 
  28. Greenblatt, Alan. "Appeals Court Upholds Ruling To Lift Oklahoma Same-Sex-Marriage Ban", 18 July 2014. Retrieved on 22 July 2014. 
  29. Korte, Gregory. "Obama signs executive order banning LGBT discrimination", 21 July 2014. Retrieved on 22 July 2014. 
  30. "Miami Judge Becomes 2nd To Overturn Florida Same-Sex Marriage Ban", 25 July 2014. Retrieved on 25 July 2014. 
  31. Carpenter, Dale. "Fourth Circuit strikes down Virginia ban on same-sex marriage", 30 July 2014. Retrieved on 28 July 2014. 
  32. Karvelas, Patricia. "Palau comes latest country to decriminalise homosexuality", The Australian, 15 October 2014. 
  33. "Uganda court annuls anti-homosexuality law", 1 August 2014. Retrieved on 6 October 2014. 
  34. "Federal judge strikes down Florida's ban on same-sex marriage", 21 August 2014. Retrieved on 2 September 2014. 
  35. "Mexican state of Coahuila approves same-sex marriage", 1 September 2014. Retrieved on 2 September 2014. 
  36. "Court rules against gay marriage bans in 2 states", 4 September 2014. Retrieved on 4 September 2014. 
  37. "Supreme Court Rejects Gay Marriage Appeals From 5 States", 6 October 2014. Retrieved on 6 October 2014. 
  38. Murphy, Kevin. "Missouri won't appeal judge's order to recognize gay marriages performed elsewhere", 6 October 2014. Retrieved on 9 October 2014. 
  39. Steffen, Jordan. "Colorado Supreme Court, Suthers clear way for same-sex licenses", 7 October 2014. Retrieved on 7 October 2014. 
  40. "Idaho, Nevada Gay Marriage Bans Struck Down By Federal Appeals Court", 7 October 2014. Retrieved on 7 October 2014. 
  41. Tanner, Jari. "Ex-Soviet nation Estonia OKs gay unions", 9 October 2014. Retrieved on 9 October 2014. 
  42. Jenkins, Jeff. "West Virginia halts same-sex marriage fight; marriage licenses available", 9 October 2014. Retrieved on 9 October 2014. 
  43. Geidner, Chris. "Federal Judge Issues Injunction, Bringing Marriage Equality To Nevada", 9 October 2014. Retrieved on 9 October 2014. 
  44. Sizemore, Bill. "McAuliffe: Gay married couples can now adopt children", 10 October 2014. Retrieved on 10 October 2014. 
  45. "Judge Strikes Down North Carolina Gay Marriage Ban", 10 October 2014. Retrieved on 10 October 2014. 
  46. "Federal judge strikes down Alaska's marriage ban", 12 October 2014. Retrieved on 12 October 2014. 
  47. Order dissolving stay, October 13, 2014. U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. Retrieved on October 13, 2014.
  48. Arizona Same-Sex Marriage Ban Is Unconstitutional, Marriages To Begin "Immediately" (17 October 2014). Retrieved on 17 October 2014.
  49. Billeaud, Jacques. "In sharp turn, gay couples marry in Arizona", 17 October 2014. Retrieved on 17 October 2014. 
  50. Moen, Bob. "Wyoming Becomes Latest to Legalize Gay Marriage", 21 October 2014. Retrieved on 21 October 2014. 
  51. Snow, Justin (4 November 2014). Federal judge rules against Kansas same-sex marriage ban. Retrieved on 12 November 2014.
  52. Geidner, Chris (6 November 2014). Federal Appeals Court Upholds Four States’ Same-Sex Marriage Bans. Retrieved on 18 November 2014.
  53. Moore, Doug. "Judge rules that gay marriage ban in Missouri is unconstitutional", 6 November 2014. Retrieved on 18 November 2014. 
  54. Lieb, David. "Many Missouri Counties Not Granting Gay Marriages", 6 November 2014. Retrieved on 18 November 2014. 
  55. Snow, Justin (12 November 2014). Federal judge strikes down South Carolina same-sex marriage ban. Retrieved on 18 November 2014.
  56. Raab, Lauren. "Montana gay marriage ban struck down, effective immediately", 19 November 2014. Retrieved on 19 November 2014. 
  57. 57.0 57.1 "Arkansas, Mississippi Gay Marriage Bans Overturned", 25 November 2014. Retrieved on 26 November 2014. 
  58. Finnish Parliament approves same-sex marriage (28 November 2014). Retrieved on 28 November 2014.
  59. Finland votes to legalize same-sex marriage (28 November 2014). Retrieved on 28 November 2014.
  60. Same-sex marriage becomes legal in Scotland (17 December 2014). Retrieved on 22 December 2014.
  61. "Comedian Joan Rivers dead at 81", 4 September 2014. Retrieved on 4 September 2014. 

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